GeneralCervix - the lower part of the uterus is that it connects the body with the vagina. Dysplasia of the cervix, vagina and vulva is a common disease, which often occur at the same time. Dysplasia - a violation of differentiation of the cells, which results in the distortion of the structure of the epithelium, there is a polymorphism of cells, increasing the rate of cell division. By the depth of epithelial lesions are three degrees of dysplasia, mild, moderate and severe. Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous diseases, ie diseases that if left untreated can turn into cancer.
One of the main causes of cervical dysplasia is now considered to infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV viral DNA was detected in more than 90% of patients. Those infected with HPV dysplasia occurs 10 times more often than non-infected. There are more than 20 types of HPV that affect the genitals, but only some of them cause dysplasia.
Causes of the diseaseRisk factors for cervical dysplasia include:
- Infection with HPV;
- Repeated pregnancy and / or childbirth, particularly under the age of 20 years
- Chronic cervicitis
- Diseases, sexually transmitted infections.
The symptoms of the diseaseMost cervical dysplasia occurs without any symptoms. In the presence of HPV infection can be detected genital warts of the vulva, vagina or anus.
DiagnosticsDiagnosis of cervical dysplasia is made gynecologist. Depending on the severity of the identified changes examination may include:
- Gynecological examination with the help of mirrors;
- Smear with the mucous membrane of the cervix followed by cytological examination;
- Swab from the mucosa for PCR on human papillomavirus typing of viral DNA
- Testing for the presence of other urogenital infections (herpes simplex virus, chlamydia and others)
- Biopsy and endocervical curettage on the testimony.
What you can do?Due to the fact that cervical dysplasia is rarely seen clinically suspect the presence of the disease itself is not possible. You should regularly visit the gynecologist and follow its recommendations. If upon inspection you find cervical dysplasia, should not resort to folk remedies, and to refuse to engage in self-help from a qualified specialist.
What will the doctor?In most cases, histological confirmation of the presence of cervical dysplasia patients recommended surgical treatment as cryosurgery, laser vaporization, cone biopsy or LEEP. The choice of treatment depends on the amount of damage.
PreventionProphylaxis of cervical dysplasia are a regular annual examinations by a gynecologist with the study of cervical smears. Follow your gynecologist in case of detection of pre-cancerous disease or infection with the human papilloma virus.
Prophylaxis of cervical dysplasia is also a vaccine against human papilloma virus.