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Ulcerative Colitis


Ulcerative colitis (UC) - a chronic relapsing disease intestinal immune nature, characterized by diffuse inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine (rectum and colon). UC ill people of all age groups (usually between the ages of 20-40 and 60-70 years), men and women are equally likely to get sick.

The causes of ulcerative colitis

Exact information about the cause of the disease is now gone. Among the factors contributing to the development of ulcerative colitis, should first be called hereditary predisposition. It is believed that the basis of the disease is immune inflammation of the intestinal wall due to the production of antibodies to the cells of the colon. Apparently, this process starts with infectious agents. Immune mechanisms also cause involvement in the pathological process of other organs and systems, which include skin lesions, eye (iritis, iridocyclitis, conjunctivitis), mouth, joints and others.

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis

The leading manifestations of ulcerative colitis are loose stools mixed with blood, mucus or pus, bleeding from the anus. In severe stool frequency reaches 20 times a day or more (including night time). At UC patients complain of severe cramping abdominal pain, worse after eating. Sometimes patients complain of false urge to defecate, and a feeling of incomplete bowel movement.

Complications of ulcerative colitis

- Intestinal bleeding
- Rupture of the bowel wall;
- The formation of fistulas and abscesses;
- Narrowing of the lumen of the intestine.

What you can do?

NUC is a serious chronic disease that requires qualified treatment. If you have been diagnosed with this, do not run the course of the disease and follow the doctor's instructions.

What can a doctor?

The diagnosis of ulcerative colitis is based on the results of radiological, endoscopic and histological studies. Sometimes spend too scatological analysis and bacteriological examination of feces. Patients with worsening be hospitalized, preferably in a specialized gastroenterology or coloproctological department. Diet for these patients should provide maximum gentle mechanical, chemical and thermal conditions for the gut: fractional eating 5-6 times a day, the food is cooked or steamed in a puree or a shabby with the exception of products that irritate the mucous membranes. The main drugs used to treat ulcerative colitis, are corticosteroids, drugs 5-amino salicylic acid and cytotoxic drugs. With fever and symptoms of severe infection prescribed antibiotics. Surgical treatment may be required in case of rupture of the bowel wall, massive bleeding, narrowing of the intestinal lumen with symptoms of intestinal obstruction, the occurrence of colorectal cancer.