GeneralUlcerative colitis (UC) - a chronic relapsing disease intestinal immune nature, characterized by diffuse inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine (rectum and colon). UC ill people of all age groups (usually between the ages of 20-40 and 60-70 years), men and women are equally likely to get sick.
The causes of ulcerative colitisExact information about the cause of the disease is now gone. Among the factors contributing to the development of ulcerative colitis, should first be called hereditary predisposition. It is believed that the basis of the disease is immune inflammation of the intestinal wall due to the production of antibodies to the cells of the colon. Apparently, this process starts with infectious agents. Immune mechanisms also cause involvement in the pathological process of other organs and systems, which include skin lesions, eye (iritis, iridocyclitis, conjunctivitis), mouth, joints and others.
The symptoms of ulcerative colitisThe leading manifestations of ulcerative colitis are loose stools mixed with blood, mucus or pus, bleeding from the anus. In severe stool frequency reaches 20 times a day or more (including night time). At UC patients complain of severe cramping abdominal pain, worse after eating. Sometimes patients complain of false urge to defecate, and a feeling of incomplete bowel movement.
Complications of ulcerative colitis- Intestinal bleeding
- Rupture of the bowel wall;
- The formation of fistulas and abscesses;
- Narrowing of the lumen of the intestine.