Pancreatitis – an inflammation of the pancreas, an organ that performs in our body are two incredibly important functions: Most secretion of digestive enzymes and insulin (a hormone deficiency in which developing diabetes). Under ordinary conditions of digestive enzymes in the cells are inactivated. However, due to various factors, their activation can occur, and they will start to digest the pancreatic parenchyma and the body’s own tissues as easily as exogenous food. Inflammation of the pancreas and the output of digestive enzymes in the blood causes of severe intoxication. Distinguish acute and chronic pancreatitis. The main difference is that in acute pancreatitis can restore the normal function of the pancreas with chronic with time there is a steady loss of function.
Causes of pancreatitis
– Alcohol intoxication;
– An inflammatory disease of the duodenum;
– Taking certain medications;
– Inherited metabolic disorders, connective tissue disease.
The symptoms of pancreatitis
– Severe acute abdominal pain radiating to the back (sometimes described as a girdle pain)
– Intoxication symptoms (fever, nausea, vomiting, weakness, loss of appetite)
– Mushy stools with undigested food particles.
The complications of pancreatitis
– Pancreatic necrosis;
– False cyst of the pancreas
– Pancreatogenic ascites
– Abscess of the pancreas
– Pulmonary complications.
In chronic pancreatitis insufficiency of the endocrine functions of the pancreas can lead to diabetes.
What you can do?
The appearance of acute exacerbations of chronic pancreatitis or requires urgent admission to the surgical department of the hospital: even a small delay can have serious consequences. Therefore, in the event of you or your loved ones described symptoms should immediately call an ambulance.
In remission of chronic pancreatitis is recommended to completely abstain from alcohol and follow a correct diet. The patient showed a diet with reduced fat and high in protein (eating meat, fish, cheese) are excluded spicy food and crude vegetable fibers (cabbage, raw apples, oranges).
What can a doctor?
In acute pancreatitis appoint a starvation diet, analgesics for pain, an intravenous drip of saline or colloid solutions, proteolytic enzyme inhibitors (drugs that block the enzyme activity) and other drugs. In rare cases may require surgery. Treatment for chronic pancreatitis includes: dieting, painkillers, vitamins, enzyme replacement therapy, the treatment of diabetes and other endocrine disorders, early treatment of gallstone disease.
Prevention of the disease involves, above all, complete abstinence from alcohol, prompt treatment of biliary tract disease, gastric and duodenal ulcers, proper diet (with the exception of coarse animal fats and hot spices). In chronic pancreatitis, these measures will prevent the development of exacerbations