GeneralHeartburn - is a burning sensation in the chest, which may be accompanied by nausea, bloating, belching, bitter or sour taste in the mouth and throat. Heartburn is most often the case after a heavy meal, and in the supine position. Sometimes heartburn can be taken for other problems, such as pain in the heart. Heartburn can be a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Causes of heartburnThe acidic contents of the stomach into the esophagus which of the following reasons:
- Overeating and unhealthy habits, such as eating on the go, insufficient chewing food, eating chocolate, greasy, spicy sweet food;
- Abuse of citrus, tomato, chocolate and mint;
- Hot and spicy food;
- Excessive amount of onion in food;
- Alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee
- Some drugs (e.g., acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen, or naproxen)
- Too tight clothes, pressing on the abdomen (jeans, belts)
- Bending forward or lifting weights after a meal;
- The weakening of the muscles that control the opening of the esophagus;
- Hiatal hernia;
Symptoms heartburnIf a burning sensation in the upper abdomen, sometimes amounting to the esophagus and throat and growing when bending or lying down, regurgitation, bitter or sour taste in the mouth appeared at you the first time after the violation of habitual diet, you can try to solve problems on their own. Be sure to seek medical help if heartburn is accompanied by a sense of fatigue and loss of appetite.
Required emergency medical help if heartburn is accompanied by a dark or bloody diarrhea, bloody vomiting, pain in the chest or back pain or enhances with nausea, sweating or vomiting.
What you can do?If necessary, you can take drugs that reduce stomach acid, and are sold without a prescription. It should stop smoking if you kurite.Esli you suffer from obesity, you need to lose weight.
See your doctor if heartburn occurs frequently and a burning feeling strong.
What can a doctor?Determine the cause of the symptoms and prevent serious diseases such as peptic ulcer or other problems of the digestive system. Appropriate treatment and give advice on diet and regimen. Assign an endoscopy or ultrasound. If necessary to hospitalize or to recommend surgery for hiatal hernia.
Preventative measuresEat a little, slowly and chewing food thoroughly. Try to stick to a healthy diet, limit the amount of fatty, spicy and fried foods, as well as chocolate, alcohol, carbonated drinks and coffee. Immediately after a meal do not go, do not bend or lift heavy weights.
Keep track of your weight.
Do not smoke.
Avoid tight-fitting clothing that puts pressure on the abdomen.