GeneralGastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa
There are acute and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis develops as a result of poisoning with acids or alkalis, with radiation injury, when taken in high doses of certain drugs, such as aspirin. In this case, there is an acute-burning pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and weakness. Acute gastritis requires urgent referral to a doctor and, in severe cases - hospitalization. After treatment, acute gastritis may progress to chronic, however, often chronic gastritis is a separate disease.
Causes of gastritisClear understanding of the causes of chronic gastritis were formed relatively recently, after the discovery of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. It became apparent that the bacteria that colonize the gastric mucosa, are the most frequent causative agent of the options gastritis gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice.
The causes of chronic gastritis also include:
- Repeated and prolonged eating disorders;
- Eating spicy and roughage;
- A passion for hot food;
- Poor chewing, eating cold food;
- The use of liquor;
- Long uncontrolled use of drugs that have an irritant effect on the gastric mucosa (salicylates, phenylbutazone, prednisolone, certain antibiotics, sulfonamides, etc.)
- Occupational hazards (lead, coal, metal dust, etc.)
- Endogenous intoxication in renal disease, gout (in which the mucous membrane of the stomach are allocated urea, uric acid, indole, skatole)
- Genetic predisposition.
The symptoms of gastritis- Aching or sharp burning pain in the upper abdomen that becomes aggravated or disappears in the process of eating;
- Lack of appetite
- The feeling of overcrowding in the upper abdomen after eating;
- Weight loss
Chronic gastritis develops gradually and occurs with frequent relapses.
ComplicationsWithout timely and comprehensive treatment of gastritis can lead to ulcers of the stomach and gastric bleeding. Some forms of chronic gastritis increases the risk of stomach cancer.
What you can do with gastritis?It should be emphasized that a doctor can diagnose gastritis and assign competent therapy depending on the type and severity of flow.
Role of the patient in the treatment of chronic gastritis extremely large. After treatment of this disease requires prolonged dieting and rigorous to prescribed drugs.
Diet varies depending on the acidity of the stomach.
If this is the most common variant with high acidity you need regular fractional (4-5 times per day) meals at certain hours with the exception of products that stimulate acid secretion. Such products are, for example, nourishing meat, fish and mushroom broth. They should be replaced meatless soups or milk to neutralize the excess acid. Alcohol, strong coffee and tea also stimulates the production of acid and digestive enzymes. But the sweet fruit juices, non-carbonated mineral water bicarbonate, cocoa and all kinds of jelly is very good, "extinguish" the symptoms of the disease. In addition, you will have to give up the foods irritate the stomach lining - from the acute, smoked, marinated and roasted.
In chronic gastritis with low acidity of the diet should also avoid spicy, smoked and spicy food, which, as we already know, not only usilivet acidity, but also irritates the lining of the stomach. But the meat and fish broth that stimulate acid production, should be introduced in the daily diet. It is necessary to exclude from the foods and dishes that are digested in the stomach for a long time. This includes any pastry products, pancakes, fried pies, rice and rye bread.
In acute disease doctor may make changes in the diet.
What can a doctor?The symptoms of chronic gastritis are not sufficiently specific. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment of this disease should carry a qualified medical doctor gastroenterologist. To confirm the diagnosis and determine the form of chronic gastritis conduct more tests:
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy - visual inspection of the upper gastrointestinal tract by gastroscope - a fiber-optic tube that transmits the image on the monitor;
- Biopsy of the gastric mucosa;
- Study of gastric secretion isolated gastritis with chronic and reduced secretion of gastric juice.
In addition, you can assign a blood test for anemia, a blood test for antibodies to Helicobacter pilori, fecal occult blood test, X-rays of the abdomen and other research.
Treatment of chronic gastritis is composed of four main components:
- Prescription drugs that normalize the acidity of gastric juice;
- Prescriptions, reducing the gastric mucosa.;
- Antibiotic therapy (in the case of confirmation of infection of Helicobacter pylori).