GeneralFood poisoning can occur when a person eats food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, small animals or plants (eg, plankton), fungi, parasites or toxins. However, not in all cases, after the transmission to humans of such products will develop the disease. Some people are more resistant to them, the other is easier to become infected and sick harder.
The term "food poisoning" is often used as a synonym for gastroenteritis, although it's not the same thing. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines, which can be caused by many factors, one of which is food poisoning.
Causes of poisoningBacteria and other food borne pathogens fall food in many ways, for example, there may be more when purchasing. Even products packaged in plastic, can be infected. The source of infection can become dirty hands or dirty sellers trays, which are products. The infection may be present in meat products and on fruit and vegetables. The hazards of the dishes that are not sufficient thermal processing (raw or half-baked), as well as products for a long time stored in the refrigerator or at room temperature.
The symptoms of food poisoningThe symptoms of intestinal infection are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, recurrent pain, and abdominal cramps. Sometimes these manifestations are themselves within one to two days and do not require special treatment. If in a couple of days harassing effects are not, and symptoms of dehydration (dry mouth, dizziness, dark yellow urine or decrease the volume and frequency of urination), you should seek emergency medical attention.
Call the ambulance or hospital in Karlovy Vary in the following cases:
- Food poisoning happened to the baby, pregnant women, people with chronic illness or old age
- If the following symptoms: blurred vision, difficulty swallowing and speaking, and (perhaps this is a rare form of botulism food poisoning, usually associated with improper preservation products).
Complications- Dehydration (dry mouth and tongue, skin can be gathered into the fold, which then slowly straighten, sunken eyes, thirst, rapid breathing, and weak urination)
- Paralysis of the respiratory tract in botulism,
- In rare cases due to botulism can be fatal.
What you can do?Do you need a light diet with limited amounts eaten. Try to stay home and rest. Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol, coffee, milk, tea and soft drinks.
Need to see a doctor if:
- Symptoms persist for three days or more
- The flow becomes more severe
- If you feel the long abdominal cramps.
Do not take anti-diarrhea medication, they can slow down the removal of bacteria from your body. If a child is sick, call a doctor immediately for home.
What can a doctor?The doctor will determine the causes of food poisoning, would exclude from the list of possible diagnoses of serious diseases with the same symptoms, and prescribe treatment.
Preventative measures- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before preparing food and immediately after our hands on raw meat or poultry
- Wash your fruits and vegetables
- Wash boards and devices for cutting raw meat before using them for other products
- Completely thaw frozen poultry before cooking. If possible, thaw it in the refrigerator, the cold will prevent the growth of the bacteria
- Good deep fried meat and fish products
- Do not place meat and poultry in a plate of fish and store them separately before cooking
- Cover food to protect it from cockroaches, flies and rats
- Be careful in eating salad bars, coffee shops and cafes
- Uneaten food stored in the refrigerator, and the products for picnics in portable cold stores
- Keep separate raw and cooked food.
Bacteria multiply rapidly at temperatures between 4.4 and 60 degrees Celsius. Storage of food is unacceptable in this temperature range, use the following guidelines:
- Store food in the refrigerator.
- Cook and reheat food at temperatures below 60 degrees Celsius.