Pathological changes in the eye in diabetes is most often occur in 5-10 years from onset; primarily affected the eye – the retina.
The mechanism of destruction is in violation of the smallest blood vessels in the fundus.
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy
In the early stages of visual acuity is not reduced, and people may not know about the beginning eyes are affected.
What you can do?
You must know that a qualified specialist (ophthalmologist) will be able to see the initial changes in the fundus. It is therefore very important to regular visits to a doctor and strict adherence to all recommendations.
What can a doctor?
Your doctor will refer you to an optometrist. The patient should be examined by an eye doctor for the first time not more than 5 years after diagnosis of diabetes. Further, in the absence of diabetic retinopathy screening is carried out at least once in 1-2 years. If there are signs of diabetic retinopathy: examination should be conducted not less than one per year, and if necessary more often.
Ophthalmologic examination of women with diabetes, who wished to have a baby, carried out before the start of pregnancy (before conception, during pregnancy planning), after its confirmation, and then every 3 months, and if necessary, and often, as well as in the case of premature termination of pregnancy.
Therefore, currently the main way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is to maintain a long and most stable compensation of diabetes.