OverviewAll forms of diabetes are caused by the inability to adequately utilize glucose, the main source of energy in the body. This is due to violation of the production or use of insulin, a hormone that is produced in the cells of the pancreas and is necessary for the conversion of sugars, starches and other food components into energy.
People with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas may produce insufficient insulin or the body can not properly use it. As a result of increased blood glucose, resulting in damage to blood vessels and other organs.
This form of diabetes occurs in middle age and older. The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes put on the basis of high blood glucose, and glucose in the urine.
The reasonsIt is believed that in case of type 2 diabetes plays the role of genetic predisposition to the disease, a combination of risk factors such as age and overweight. With age, the pancreas decrease. The most important predisposing factor, however, was obesity. Found that over 80% with type 2 diabetes are overweight. It is believed that excessive fat content violates the body's ability to utilize insulin.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetesExtreme thirst, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, weakness and fatigue, irritability, nausea and vomiting.
ComplicationsIn the event of inadequate control of type 2 diabetes increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney disease, neurological disorders, impotence, visual impairment (including blindness), gangrene.
Type 2 Diabetes dangerous disease. In the absence of effective therapy may lead to death, which is associated with complications due to high blood glucose and pathological changes of the organs and systems.
What you can do?If any symptoms of diabetes should immediately undergo a medical examination. Even if there are no symptoms of diabetes should monitor blood sugar and blood in the urine, especially for people with an indication of diabetes in the family history, individuals older than 40 years and / or overweight. Once diagnosed with diabetes need regular medical supervision and monitoring of blood glucose in order to avoid complications. For effective treatment of diabetes should carefully monitor their condition.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes should:
- To monitor glucose and cholesterol, as well as body weight, including in your diet low-calorie foods low in sugar, fat and high in complex carbohydrates and dietary fiber;
- Regular exercise to reduce insulin requirements and increased loss of body weight;
- To determine blood glucose at home using simple equipment that helps people adjust their diet and exercise, and prevent the development of diabetes complications. Self-monitoring of glucose can also see how the reduced blood glucose levels with a decrease in body weight.
People suffering from diabetes need to take preventive measures to avoid colds, it is recommended hygiene feet.
The course of type 2 diabetes is largely dependent on self-control. In most cases, type 2 diabetes can be controlled by diet and exercise. However, not all people with type 2 diabetes, there are overweight. These patients require the appointment of insulin and hypoglycemic drugs for oral administration.
What can your doctor?If you suspect a diabetes physician should assign the appropriate blood tests to diagnose disease. If the diagnosis is made, the physician should appoint a special diet or refer the patient to consult a dietitian. Diet and exercise are the mainstay of treatment of type 2 diabetes. Several studies have found that 80% or more cases of type 2 diabetes can be controlled by weight loss and exercise. If these methods are not effective and blood glucose level is normal, the physician must designate drugs oral hypoglycemic drugs. Depending on your blood sugar and response to diet therapy, your doctor may prescribe medications that increase the body's ability to effectively use its own insulin, or increasing its production.
Subsequently, the frequency of visits to the doctor determines, depending on the need for the various analyzes of the patient and the risk of complications that require special additional treatment.
In some cases, may require insulin injections.