Molluscum contagiosum – a viral disease of the skin, which is manifested by specific rashes on the skin in the form of pimples (papules), ranging in size from 1.2 to 10 mm. The causative agent is a virus of the poxvirus family. Molluscum contagiosum may suffer both children and adults. The disease often occurs in people with weakened immune systems, such as in HIV-infected patients. The name of the disease is not related to its parasitic nature, and is caused by the fact that the microscopic examination of the contents of the pathological elements found specific inclusion – molluscum shaped cells round.
Causes of the disease
Molluscum contagiosum infection occurs through contact with the skin in contact with the affected skin. Adults are infected mainly through sexual contact. The localization of lesions depends on what areas of human skin have been infected. It is in these places will appear papules.
Symptoms of molluscum contagiosum
Element is the pimple scars (pimple) with umbilicated. When pressed from the central hole stands a whitish this mass. Papule usually has a rounded shape, pearl white or pink color.
Children rash mainly localized on the open areas of the body.
Adults who become infected through sexual contact, the rash is usually localized to the perineum and vulva. In HIV-infected people papules are usually found on the face. Shaving in this case contributes to the spread of infection.
Seek medical advice should be the appearance of the skin of any long-term (more than 3 weeks) is not endangered pathological elements. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment. Molluscum contagiosum can be confused with a number of dangerous and disease.
Dermatologist skilled in most cases makes the diagnosis based only on the appearance of the spots are, in some cases, biopsy may be required.
Note that the infection is often fixed in HIV-infected individuals. Therefore, your doctor may advise you to get tested for HIV.
Treatment of molluscum contagiosum
In most cases, people with normal immune rashes are alone, but the recovery period can last from several months to 2 years. In some situations, you may need surgical treatment (cryosurgery, electrocautery, excision) or prescriptions for immunity.