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Dandruff

General

Dandruff - this is a common, harmless, rather cosmetic than a medical problem that often occurs after a stressful and can cause thinning hair. Many people are very experienced due to dandruff, but in fact the problem is easy enough to control.

The cause of dandruff

The cause of dandruff is a fungus Pityrosporum ovale. Although this organism lives on the skin of almost all (that is, it refers to the pathogenic microflora), but in special circumstances, a sharp increase in activity and Pityrosporum ovale, which causes most cases of dandruff. Pityrosporum ovale feeds that produce the sebaceous glands of the skin of the scalp. With increased sebaceous glands, or in violation of the composition and properties of sebum Pityrosporum ovale also proliferate, which leads to disruption of renewal and exfoliation of the skin cells of the scalp. Inconclusively dead skin cells in large quantities in the form of dense flakes collect on the surface of the skin. The resulting flakes and have dandruff.

Symptoms

The visible white flakes on clothing or hair (in this case, you can try to deal with the problem on their own).

If there is no improvement after a few weeks of treatment, there is a constant irritation and itching of the scalp, very large flake, peel or yellowish red spots, you should consult a doctor.

What you can do?

While there is no universally accepted method of getting rid of dandruff, there are several ways to deal with it.

Gently brush your hair brush before washing. Wash your hair every day. Even this may be enough to significantly reduce the manifestations of dandruff, especially if it is a mild or moderate in severity. Use of anti-dandruff shampoos, if the scales are very visible, or redness of the scalp. Follow the instructions on the packaging of shampoo. Many anti-dandruff shampoos, apply to the hair and scalp to soak for 10-15 minutes, then rinse. If after a few weeks of using the shampoo has ceased to be effective, try another. Very effective against dandruff products containing tar.

Do not rub or scrub the scalp, it can only strengthen the manifestations of dandruff. If you have dry hair and scalp, you can rub into the roots of the hair olive oil. After rubbing wait half an hour, then wash your hair with shampoo. Consult your doctor if your condition does not improve scalp after using a dandruff shampoos.

What can a doctor do to treat dandruff?

Exclude eczema, psoriasis and tinea.
Prescribe the appropriate treatment (lotion for the scalp or steroids for topical or external use).

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