If the first signs of skin aging appear about 35 years, after 45 signs of aging become more pronounced deep wrinkles appear, somewhat “blurred” contour face, the skin becomes very dry and dull. Such skin, women over the age of 45 years, referred to as aging. To make a woman feel young and attractive at that age, her skin requires thorough daily care.
The problems of aging skin
Dehydration, dryness, wrinkles are the main problems of the aging of the skin after 45 years. This is due primarily to the fact that the lipid layer of the stratum corneum does not have time to fully recover. Is a weakening of the functioning of the sebaceous glands and sweat glands (deterioration of the water-lipid balance of the skin), decrease in the number of capillaries (microcirculation disturbance), which is why the complexion is no longer fresh and healthy, reducing the number of fibroblasts (weakening of collagen elastin), which leads to significant dehydration of the dermis. Decreased production of melanocytes (increased sensitivity to UV light) is a reduction of the rate of cell division of the basal layer (slow updates and a thinning of the epidermis), a decrease of enzyme activity, leading to inhibition of all metabolic processes. As a result, the skin becomes flabby and sagging appearance, deformed eyelids and face oval shaped frontal wrinkles and pronounced nasolabial folds.
All of these processes are associated with genetically programmed changes in the body, as well as a reduction in the synthesis of hormones in the body: growth hormone, testosterone, DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) and melatonin are produced in sufficient amounts only to 20 years of age, and they are essential to the physical health and regeneration.
In addition to the natural processes of the body and the negative impact of the environment, there are many factors as to seriously affect the appearance of the skin: alcohol, smoking, poor diet, stress, lack of sleep, improper medicines. So do not forget that careful attention to the way of life with the best care for cosmetic tweaks.
Skin aging complex and lengthy process. Today, when science has been able to understand and explain many of the processes associated with aging, it is safe to say that a careful and timely use of cosmetic care techniques in combination with a healthy lifestyle if you can not stop the process of biological aging skin then at least make it less severe manifestations.
Fundamentals of care for aging skin
Eliminate hot water and soap, instead use a cleansing milk. Remove milk residues from the skin with a dry cloth cosmetic, do not rinse. Do not wash your face with hot water, avoid changing the contrast of hot and cold water, because it can lead to the appearance of rosacea (spider veins). Protect your skin from the wind and cold in the winter time.
Never use products containing alcohol, as it is very dry skin. Carefully select and color cosmetics, especially the tone, powder and blush. Preferably the use of liquid or semi-liquid, as dried, and they are less often contain wetting agents.
Be sure to regularly use a cream – and is not moisturizing and nourishing. Suitable for aging skin creams with a fat basis (lanolin, for example). The cream is often also includes retinol and other vitamins, various vegetable oils (olive, castor, linseed oil, grape seed oil, sea buckthorn oil, wheat germ oil, neroli, macadamia, shea), plant extracts (Aloe series, lime, nettle, iris, sweet flag, elderberries, apricots, parsley, etc.), collagen, allantoin, peptides, and other substances. It is also possible to use a special serum containing active ingredients.
Do not forget about nourishing mask 1-2 times a week. They can be prepared at home independently of the available components. The main ingredients of masks for aging skin: honey, egg yolk, aloe juice, decoction of parsley, nettle, St. John’s wort, nettles and lime, as well as olive oil, sour cream, grated cucumber.
It should be handled with great care to cosmetics containing placenta. Its effectiveness has not been proven, but it is known that this component can cause severe allergies.
Now for moisturizing the skin using modern components such as hyaluronic acid, such as aqueous coating skin film and ceramides, fatty acids and fortified with vitamin E. To enhance lipid synthesis in the epidermis are special ingredients: Phytoestrogens and alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), which created a furore in cosmetology back in the 90’s. Fruit acids are part of many tools for mature and aging skin, including creams, masks and peels. However, caution should be used in small concentrations, as they can cause irritant effect. High concentrations may be used only by specialists.
To improve the health and appearance of your skin is very important to ensure a constant supply of oxygen. Good massage helps because it stimulates local blood circulation. Facial massage is quite possible to hold their own at home, clearing and covering his face massage cream. A person can be stroking, tapping, lightly rub gently massaging gently.
You can spend a massage with essential oils, such as oil of geranium, jasmine, neroli and rose, is also useful to add to these oils and a fatty oil-base, such as avocado oil, jojoba oil, peach kernel oil, or a little wheat germ oil. They can be used in the form of creams or massage oils.
Many women in today’s world are ready for the most drastic measures to preserve youthful skin. Today, professional beauticians offer its customers a large number of hardware techniques for eliminating wrinkles. Among them, dermabrasion, microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing. In addition, there are different types of chemical skin rejuvenation primarily middle and deep peeling with fruit acid and other acids. Most of these methods require at least 1 week for the rehabilitation of the skin, some have contraindications, and in case of errors in the conduct of the procedure may lead to serious consequences. Refer to qualified professionals.
To achieve the effect of rejuvenation (albeit temporary) allows contouring. It involves intradermal injection of various drugs Botox, Dysport, Restylane. They fill the intercellular space, take away wrinkles and restore skin to its former elasticity.
The popularity of these techniques due to the rapid achievement of results and generally small traumatic. Through these measures, you can reduce facial wrinkles in the forehead, eyes and nasolabial triangle. However, be aware that they provide only a temporary effect.
The most radical way to eliminate wrinkles is plastic surgery. Among its advantages should be noted high efficiency and long-term preservation of the obtained result. However, such procedures are quite expensive and, of course, involve a serious risk that accompanies any type of surgery.
In any case, if you decide to use one of these methods, the most important to find a doctor (dermatologist, plastic surgeon) to whom you can trust. Consult with him, go survey, determine whether you have contraindications and verify the period of rehabilitation and possible limitations associated with the procedure / surgery.
And of course, do not forget that the skin reflects the state of your overall health, especially at this age. Even nursing care and special beauty treatments can not replace you care about health: restful sleep, proper diet and sedentary life.