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Acute Rheumatic Fever

General

Acute rheumatic fever - a serious late complication of angina (acute tonsillitis). This systemic inflammation of connective tissue throughout the body. Especially susceptible to the body connecting the heart tissue, joints, and for the skin. Although angina itself is acute, with fever, sore throat, headache, inflammation of rheumatic fever can cause permanent damage to the heart valves, leading to disability or death many years after the acute illness. Usually rheumatism sick children between the ages of 5 and 15 years, although they may fall ill adults. The first symptoms of rheumatic fever usually appear after 1-5 weeks after a sore throat. Attacks of rheumatic fever usually last about three months, very rarely do they last more than six months.

Causes of acute rheumatic fever

Complications of acute respiratory disease caused by certain strains of hemolytic streptococcus group A. Poor living conditions, poor sanitation lead to greater exposure to infections. Malnutrition, malnutrition is a predisposing factor for infection.

Symptoms of rheumatic fever

Fever, joint pain, painful, swollen joints in the amount of (mostly knee, ankle, but may be affected and elbow and wrist joints). Soreness and swelling may disappear in some joints and appear in others. Subcutaneous nodules in the field of bone protrusions. Rash on the trunk, arms and legs. Rapid involuntary contractions of muscles in the face, arms and legs.

Complications of rheumatic fever

The defeat of the brain. Rheumatic heart disease such as myocarditis (heart muscle inflammation), endocarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart), and pericarditis (inflammation of the outer lining of the heart). Death.

What you can do?

To avoid possible complications, consult a physician. If streptococcal etiology of the disease is confirmed, you will be prescribed antibiotics. Be sure to hold the entire course of antibiotics.

What can a doctor?

The doctor may conduct inspection, appoint laboratory tests, an appointment antibiotic to kill the causative agent of the disease and thus prevent heart disease. Assign a symptomatic treatment to relieve patient's general condition. Your doctor may recommend bed rest and a proper diet in order to improve the immune system and strengthen the body's defenses. Identify complications and early treatment.

Preventative measures

See your doctor if you have a sore throat for over a week. It is advisable to avoid places with large concentrations of people and their place of residence to ensure good sanitary conditions. Support the body's natural defenses. Wash your hands before starting to cook, especially if you sneeze or cough.

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