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Fibrogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a form of endoscopy, in which the doctor examines using a special device (gastroscopy), upper gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, the stomach and duodenum). EGD conducts a doctor - endoscopist. Gastroscope is a flexible tube within which the fiber optic system and camera. In the gastroscope is a special channel for the tools with which you can pick up pieces of stomach tissue for research (biopsy). Now, thanks to a perfect instrument, gastroscopy is a safe procedure and complications are rare.


Fibrogastroduodenoscopy administered, if necessary a detailed study of the gastric mucosa of the duodenum or esophagus. Fibrogastroduodenoscopy is used for the diagnosis of duodenitis, esophagitis, gastritis, duodenal ulcer or stomach, as well as a suspected tumor or hemorrhage from these organs.

It is advisable to do a gastroscopy any person older than 40 years to eliminate or very early detection of cancer.


To reduce discomfort conduct a local anesthetic - lidocaine mouth is processed in the form of a spray. Next, the patient is asked to clamp his teeth nagubnik through which the endoscope tube is inserted into the mouth, then asked to take a drink, during which the doctor inserts a gastroscope into the esophagus. At the time of the study to reduce retching and discomfort the patient is recommended to breathe deeply and calmly.

The doctor treats the surface of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. If necessary the photo or video and image recording. According to the testimony may be biopsy or transendoscopic pH-metry. Also on the testimony of conduct medical manipulations: stop bleeding, removal of polyps, the administration of drugs.

Diagnostic gastroscopy lasts no more than 5-10 minutes. If, during the conduct of research which either manipulation, the procedure may last for 20-30 minutes.
Some patients after the study noted discomfort in the throat. Typically, these feelings pass on their own within 24-48 hours.

Prepare for study

Fibrogastroduodenoscopy is conducted strictly on an empty stomach, is excluded eat or drink anything for 8-10 hours before the study.

Do not forget to tell your doctor about your existing comorbid conditions (epilepsy, schizophrenia, diabetes, etc.) and received therapy.