Certain periods of life, habits and diseases should motivate them to calibrate their cholesterol.
Recall that cholesterol is accompanied at first no symptoms until the day cardiovascular complications occur (myocardial infarction, stroke)!
At what times of life should you calibrate their cholesterol?
A first cholesterol test is recommended between 16 and 30 years. Some people are more at risk than others and our lifestyle plays an important role, explaining that high cholesterol can occur in childhood. But during this period of life, the “bad cholesterol” is gradually deposited on the arterial walls and turns into plaque at the end of adolescence. In addition, it is to the age of 18 that cholesterol binds permanently.
In other words, if cholesterol is high in adolescence, it will be a lifetime.
From 45 years for men and 55 years for women
From these ages, a cholesterol test is recommended every 3 years. Is that with advancing age, the risk of having too much cholesterol in the blood is increased.
As is also the case for other cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, physical inactivity, overweight…), it must be particularly vigilant.
At the time of menopause
In women, a dosage once installed menopause is wise. Indeed, major hormonal changes that occur at this time of life can lead to a significant increase in cholesterol.
Menopause is a key period to make a determination of its cholesterol.
What are the diseases that require close monitoring cholesterol?
- A type 2 diabetes imposes a cholesterol test every year.
- Overweight or obesity promoting cholesterol, it is necessary to conduct regular dosages. This is also the case when the waist is high: greater than 88 cm for women and 102 cm for men.
- Some diseases such as chronic renal failure and untreated hypothyroidism cause high cholesterol and impose specific monitoring.
- Finally, some drugs affect blood lipids. Talk to your doctor.
What are the habits that require regular cholesterol test?
- Smoking (or stopped for less than 3 years), especially if combined with an oral contraceptive.
- A diet rich in meat, animal products and fats.
What dose do we exactly?
The determination of total cholesterol in the blood is commonly prescribed as part of a screening or surveillance.
However, to get a clearer picture, it is necessary to make an assessment of lipid abnormalities, including:
- The Triglyceride and HDL- cholesterol (normal: From 0.35 to 0.75 g/l).
- On the LDL-cholesterol is calculated from the values ??of the previous (normal: 1 to 1.6 g/l).