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Fungus Toenails. Onychomycosis

Fungus toenails, onychomycosisIf you find they thicken, become brittle, change color, check out quickly.

The fungus toenails is extremely contagious and can lead to the loss of the nail, then there are effective treatments.

The fungus toenails is common

The fungus toenails is common and transmissible. It affects 3-10% of the French population. Professionals use the term of onychomycosis, which designates a nail infection caused by fungi of three kinds (dermatophytes, yeasts Candida, molds).

First signs of a nail fungus

The infection settles slowly. It reaches first the skin between the toes forming a fissure that does not heal. Gradually, the nail is reached. It thickens, crumbles, changes color (yellow or white spots) and becomes painful. In the absence of treatment, it may peel off.

What are the risk factors for nail fungus?

Older age, male sex, sports, trauma and repeated injury, a humid environment and certain diseases (bone and joint diseases, diabetes, obesity, peripheral vascular disease, psoriasis?).

The infection is caught easily in collective public places humid and warm where you walk barefoot (pool, sauna, dance halls, dressing rooms, etc..).

You can also pass the family, walking barefoot on the carpet, suitable slippers or in the bathroom, including towels or nail clippers. Maceration in shoes, especially sport shoes or boots, is also a major risk factor. Also predispose strain nails or toes that overlap (common in older people).

In case of nail fungus, early treatment is essential

A nail fungus does not heal on its own and instead risk spreading to other nails.

Similarly, the more care is delayed, the more healing is long and difficult. Hence the importance of regularly inspecting her nails, especially if you are part of those at risk.

At the slightest anomaly, talk to your doctor.

A sample of the nail for a mycological examination is necessary to identify the fungus cause and prescribe the appropriate antifungal therapy. Depending on the degree of achievement of the nail, it will be local (application of a varnish) and/or oral. However, be patient and be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions. Indeed, the treatment is long (often more than 6 months), as the nail grows very slowly.

Tips to avoid a nail fungus

  • Systematically and thoroughly dry your feet, especially between each toe.
  • Avoid walking barefoot.
  • Wear personal sandals by the pool, in the locker room…
  • Do not lend your slippers.
  • Do not pay either your towel.
  • Disinfect with alcohol scissors, nail files and nail clippers used for toenails.
  • Cut your toe nails short and straight.
  • Limit wearing sneakers your physical activity.
  • Wear leather shoes, which limit maceration.
  • Avoid tight shoes, too tightly in plastic.
  • Try not to your shoes, especially sport.
  • Adopt cotton socks, especially for sports.

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